This paper was first presented at the Annual Convention of the Islamic Society of North America, Chicago, Sept. 2, 2000.
Dr. Freda Shamma has her doctorate in Curriculum and Instruction, which she received from the University of Cincinnati. She has worked on curriculum development in several Muslim countries as well as for Islamic schools in North America. Currently she is the Director of Curriculum Development for FADEL (Foundation for Advancement and Development of Education and Learning) in Cincinnati, Ohio. Her latest publication can be found in Muslims and Islamization in North America: Problems and Prospects, ed. Amber Haque. Amana Publications.
Dr. Shamma has five children, the oldest of whom is married with two children, and the youngest is in high school. All of her children are active in Islamic work, and particularly active in MYNA, Muslim Youth of North America.
Mrs Wahida Valainte MSW.OASW is a family counselor and national vice president of Canadian Islamic Congress. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org